The Sator Square, Mithraism, Aeon and their connection to Abbadon

The Sator Square is a word square  containing a Latin palindrome featuring the  words SATOR AREPO TENET OPERA ROTAS  written in a square so that they may be read  top-to-bottom, bottom-to-top, left-to- right, and right-to-left. The earliest known  appearance of the square was found in the  ruins of Pompeii which was buried in the  ash of Mt. Vesuvius in 79 AD.  (Wikipedia Article on Sator Square)  

Mithras and Sol, 210 AD, Yale University
"The Mithraic Mysteries were a mystery  religion practiced in the Roman Empire  from about the 1st to 4th centuries AD"  "Worshippers of Mithras had a complex  system of seven grades of initiation, with  ritual meals. Initiates called themselves  syndexioi, those "united by the  handshake". They met in underground  temples (called a mithraeum), which  survive in large numbers. The cult  appears to have had its epicentre in  Rome."  (Wikipedia article on the Mithraic  Mysteries)   

"Mithras, the god of the sun among  the persians became popular in  Rome under the name Sol Invictus (Roman Sun God).  He is represented in innumerable  works of art as a handsome youth  wearing the Phrygian attire, and  slaying a bull which he has brought  to the ground" (Source: New Tales Of Old Rome)   

A Mithraeum is a place of worship for the  followers of the mystery religion of  Mithraism.  "The Mithraeum was either an adapted  natural cave or cavern or an artificial  building imitating a cavern. Mithraea were  dark and windowless, even if they were not  actually in a subterranean space or in a  natural cave. When possible, the  mithraeum was constructed within or  below an existing building" (Wikipedia)  These places were secret

 Here are the 7 degrees  (from the Mithraeum of  Felicissimus in Ostia) In order of importance (M.Clauss, The Roman  cult of Mithras,  p.133-138)  

Grade 1:  Corax, Corux or  Corvex (raven or  crow)  Symbols:  Beaker, Caduceus (Snake on  Staff)  Associated planet/Protecting deity: Mercury  

Grade 2 :  Nymphus, Nymphobus (male bride)  Symbols:  lamp, bell, veil, circlet/crown  (diadem)  Associated planet/Protecting deity: Venus  

Grade 3:  Miles (soldier)  Symbols:  pouch, helmet, lance, drum, belt,  breast plate  Associated planet/Protecting deity: Mars  

Grade 4 :  Leo (lion)  Symbols:  batillum, sistrum, laurel wreath,  thunderbolts  Associated planet/Protecting deity: Jupiter  

Grade 5 :  Perses (Persian)  Symbols:  akinakes Phyrgian cap, sickle, sickle  moon and stars, sling pouch  Associated planet/Protecting deity: Luna   

Grade 6 :  Heliodromus (sun-runner)  Symbols:  torch, images of Helios the Sun,  whip, robes  Associated planet/Protecting deity: Sol  

Grade 7:  Pater (father)  Symbols: patera Mitre, crozier/shepherd's staff, garnet  or ruby ring, chasuble, elaborate robes jewel  encrusted with metallic threads  Associated planet/Protecting deity: Saturn  

The 7th and highest degree of  the Mithraic Mysteries was  Pater (Father)  (Griffith, Alison."Mithraism in  the private and public lives of  4th-c. senators in Rome".  EJMS.)  

On a Sator Square, it is  possible to  write a  horizontal  and a  vertical  'Pater  Noster'  (Pater  Noster  translates  as "Our  Father", the  most  important  prayer to  Catholics)  with the  letters of  the sator  square,  forming a  Greek cross.

"The 7th and final  degree of the  Mithraic Mysteries was  associated with the  Planet and the God:  Saturn  "The Roman god Saturn  was the main deity of  agriculture (protector  of seeds and sowers) and  was associated with the  Greek god Kronos."  Saturn's connection with  agriculture suggests the nature of  time. Seeds must be sown at their  proper times and harvest can only  occur when their time of fruition  has occurred. Chronos is derived  from the Greek word Cronus  meaning "time".  

"In Greek mythology, Chronos (Ancient  Greek: Χρόνος) in pre-Socratic  philosophical works is said to be the  personification of time. His name in  Greek means "time" (and can also mean  "year" in Modern Greek) and is  alternatively spelled Chronus (Latin  spelling) or Khronos." -Wikipedia  

Chronos was depicted in  Greco-Roman mosaics as a  man turning the Zodiac  Wheel. Often the figure is  named Aeon (Eternal Time), a  common alternative name for  the god. 

 "The Titan Cronus had been conflated  (Fused) with the name of Chronos, the  personification of time in Classical  Antiquity" - LSJ Wikipedia entry Κρόνος  

Leo (♌) is the fifth astrological sign of the Zodiac, originating from the constellation of Leo. In astrology, Leo is considered to be a "masculine", positive (extrovert) sign. It is also considered a fire sign and is one of four fixed signs ruled by the Sun.

Sol Invictus is the equivalent of the Greek pagan deity: Helios. Helios was at the same time identified with Apollo, as we will see from the article on Wikipedia on Helios: 

"The earliest certain reference to Apollo identified with Helios appears in the surviving fragments of Euripides' play Phaethon in a speech near the end (fr 781 N²), Clymene, Phaethon's mother, laments that Helios has destroyed her child, that Helios whom men rightly call Apollo (the name Apollo is here understood to mean Apollon "Destroyer").
By Hellenistic times Apollo had become closely connected with the Sun in cult." 

As sun-god and god of light, Apollo was also known by the epithets Aegletes (/əˈɡliːtiːz/ ə-glee-teez; Αἰγλήτης, Aiglētēs, from αἴγλη, "light of the sun"), Helius (/ˈhiːliəs/ hee-lee-əs; Ἥλιος, Helios, literally "sun") 
Source: Álvaro, Jr., Santos, Allan. Simbolismo divino. Allan Álvaro, Jr., Santos.

Apollo is Apollyon

"Abaddon (Hebrew: אֲבַדּוֹן‎, 'Ǎḇaddōn, Greek: Apollyon, Latin: Exterminans, Coptic: Abbaton, meaning "A place of destruction", "The Destroyer", "Depths of Hell") in the Revelation of St. John, is the king of tormenting locusts and the angel of the bottomless pit. The exact nature of Abaddon is debated, but the Hebrew word is related to the triliteral root אבד (ABD), which in verb form means "to perish."  Source: Wikipedia

"And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit. And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit."
-Revelation 9 1-2

< This winged, lion-headed deity was central to the Roman sect worship of Mithras. He is called Aeon. In it´s hands are a key as he is "the monarch of the heavens whose portals he opens." according to the Mithraics "He also holds a long scepter, the symbol of authority." Notice that the Mithraic Aeon is winged and has a key, with the head of a Lion that is identified with the Sun/Helios/Sol Invictus.

Saturn is Kronos, Chronos and AEON  Meaning of the Sator Square:  Individually, sator means "the sower",  tenet "holdeth", opera "the works",  rotas "the wheels [accusative case]".  

Even the Planet Saturn has Rings around it and a Hexagonal shape on it´s north pole
Sator square with the Maltese cross forming the word AEON.

Mithras born from a Rock in the middle of a
Zodiac Wheel
Arepo is not a Latin word;  It is a description of Aeon (Saturn) who holds the wheel of the Zodiac  "Cleitarchus, Diodorus  Siculus and Plutarch  all mention burning of  children as an offering  to Cronus or Saturn,  that is to Ba‘al  Hammon, the chief god  of Carthage."  Saturn is Moloch, Chiun  and Remphan  Saturn is Satan. In archaic copies of Plato's Timaeus, the word for the planet Saturn is Helios, the "sun" god. Popular Greek traditions identified Saturn as Kronos, alter ego of Helios, and Kronos is said to have ruled "over the pole". Saturn is also known as the Black Sun.

Zodiac Wheel with the six pointed star of Saturn/Remphan/Moloch/Chiun in the middle